Speech-to-Text Technology as an Inclusive Approach: Lower Secondary Teachers’ Experiences


  • Marianne Engen Matre University of Agder, Norway
DOI: https://doi.org/10.23865/ntpk.v8.3436


Speech-to-text (STT) technology enables pupils to write using their voice. This qualitative study explores six teachers’ experiences with introducing STT technology in a whole-class environment at a Norwegian lower secondary school. The aim was to explore the benefits and challenges of using STT as an inclusive approach for writing instruction in lower secondary education. The teachers in the study stated that most of their pupils found STT useful when beginning longer writing assignments (for example, as an aid for brainstorming and drafting) and producing texts in foreign languages. Reported challenges were pupils distracting each other, inaccuracy of the technology, improper use, and pupils whispering because they were too embarrassed to speak out loud. The teachers’ views were initially consistent with a broad definition of inclusion, as they saw the educational opportunities of introducing STT to the whole class. However, after implementation they were concerned with structural challenges, including formal assessment of writing and individual adaptation of the curricula, which suggests a narrow interpretation of inclusion.

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Hvordan sitere

Matre, M. E. (2022). Speech-to-Text Technology as an Inclusive Approach: Lower Secondary Teachers’ Experiences. Nordisk tidsskrift for pedagogikk og kritikk, 8. https://doi.org/10.23865/ntpk.v8.3436





Emneord (Nøkkelord):

writing, speech-to-text, speech recognition, universal design for learning, special education